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病害防治

葡萄生产的关键因素--解决病虫害防治问题

葡萄生产受诸多困素影响,但病虫害防治工作则是一项关键性技术。品种适应性、栽培技术决定了产量的高低和品 质的好坏,但病虫害防治工作则决定了是否能达到设计的目标。

由于我国大部分葡萄产区处在夏季炎热多雨的东亚季风区,葡萄病害较多,有些病害甚至是毁灭性的,而且为害葡 萄的虫害也很多,使得葡萄病虫害已成为制约我国葡萄产业发展的一个重要因素。当前,我国一些葡萄种植者在葡 萄病虫害防治的实践上,尤其在利用农药防治病虫害方面仍存在一些误区,直接影响到病虫害的防治效果。为了我 国葡萄产业的可持续发展,我们应牢固地树立科学的葡萄病虫害防治理念,做到科学、合理、安全地巧施农药,以确保葡萄病虫害的防治效果和葡萄产品的安全。

另一方面,由于国际贸易和人类活动的增加,病虫害的传播速度加快;气候的变化和农药等化学物质的应用,导致 田间生物群落的延替,出现新的危害种类和类群;新葡萄品种和种质资源的推广,也会导致新的病虫害种类的出现 。这些问题不但需要新技术、新方法、新策略的应用,而且需要落实“预防为主,综合防治“的植保方针,才能保 证葡萄产业的健康发展。

为保证我国葡萄产业的可持续健康发展,应该不断地从理论上和实践中认识和解决葡萄产业中的病虫害防治问题, 既有助于降低防治成本、减少环境污染、对食品安全和施药人员的人身安全提供更多保障、又极为有效的病虫害防 治措施。
 

Grape production is affected by many factors influence sleepy, but pest control work is a key technology. Adaptable varieties, cultivation techniques determine the level of production and quality of good or bad, but the pest control work will determine whether to meet the design objectives.

Since most of our grape-producing areas in the hot and rainy in summer East Asian monsoon region, grape diseases more, some even a devastating disease, but also a lot of pest infestation grapes, making wine grape pest has become a constraining industrial development of a country important factor. Currently, some of China's grape growers in pest control practices, especially in the use of pesticides to control pests and diseases, there are still some errors, directly affect the pest control effect. To our grape industry in sustainable development, we should firmly establish the scientific concept of grape pest control, to make a scientific, rational, safe skillfully pesticides to ensure that grapes and grape pest control effect of product safety.

The other hand, international trade and the increase in human activity, accelerated the spread of pests and diseases; climate change and the application of pesticides and other chemicals, resulting in an extension of the field for biological communities, endangered species and the emergence of new groups; new grape varieties and promotion of germplasm resources, will lead to the emergence of new kinds of pests. These problems not only require new technologies, new methods, new policies are applied, and the need to implement the "prevention first, comprehensive prevention and control," the plant protection policy, in order to ensure the healthy development of the grape industry.

To ensure the country's sustainable and healthy development of grape industry should continuously from the theory and practice of grape industry in understanding and solving the problem of pest control, not only helps to reduce control costs, reduce environmental pollution, food safety and application personnel personal safety to provide more protection, but also extremely effective pest control measures.